Dhuska Recipe | 02 Variation of Dooska | A Sacred & Delectable Delicacy from Eastern India

Dhuska, a traditional dish originating from the Indian states of Jharkhand and Bihar, is a mouthwatering treat enjoyed by people of all ages. This crispy and savory snack holds a special place in the hearts of those familiar with the flavors of Eastern India. Indulge in the deliciousness of Dhuska, a protein and fiber-rich flatbread from India. Made with fermented rice and lentils, Dhuska is not only tasty but also offers a wholesome source of nutrients. Explore our Dhuska recipe and learn how to make this healthy and satisfying dish!

Dhuska Recipe


Introduction to Dhuska Recipe

Dhuska is a crispy and savory flatbread originating from the regions of Bihar and Jharkhand in India. It’s a popular street food and a beloved breakfast dish in these regions. Made from a fermented batter of rice and lentils, dhuska boasts a light and fluffy texture with a satisfying crunch. Dhuska is typically served with a side of aloo matar curry (potato and pea curry) or chutney for a complete and delicious meal.

Origin and Cultural Significance

Dhuska is believed to have originated in the tribal communities of Bihar and Jharkhand. A staple food in these regions, dhuska is often prepared during festivals and celebrations. The use of readily available ingredients like rice and lentils makes it an economical and nutritious dish. Dhuska’s simplicity and deliciousness have made it a beloved part of the culinary culture of Bihar and Jharkhand.


Ingredients & Cooking Instructions for Dhuska Recipe

Ingredients Required for Dhuska

Ingredients Required for Dhuska

Here are the basic ingredients you’ll need to make dhuska:

  • Rice: Soaked rice forms the base of the dhuska batter, providing structure and a slightly sweet flavor.
  • Lentils: Traditionally, a combination of chana dal (split Bengal gram) and urad dal (black gram) is used. These lentils add protein, nuttiness, and aid in fermentation.
  • Spices: Cumin seeds, fennel seeds, ginger, green chilies, and turmeric powder add a layer of aroma and flavor to the dhuska.
  • Salt: to taste
  • Oil: for frying

Step-by-Step Cooking Instructions

Preparing the Batter

Soak the Rice and Lentils:
  • In a large bowl, combine rinsed rice, chana dal, and urad dal. Wash them together a couple of times until the rinsing water runs clear. Soak them in enough water for at least 6-8 hours, or overnight.
Grind the Batter:
  • Once the rice and lentils are well soaked, drain the water and grind them into a smooth batter using a wet grinder. If you don’t have a wet grinder, you can use a blender with a little water. The batter should be slightly coarse, similar to pancake batter.
Ferment the Batter:
  • Transfer the ground batter to a large bowl. Add salt and mix well. Cover the bowl with a lid or cloth and let it ferment in a warm place for 6-8 hours, or until the batter doubles in size and becomes bubbly.

Frying Dhuska

Heat Oil in a Pan:
  • Pour enough oil into a frying pan to shallow fry the dhuska. Heat the oil over medium heat until it reaches around 350°F (175°C). You can check the oil temperature by dropping a small piece of batter into the oil. If it sizzles and floats to the surface, the oil is hot enough.
Shape and Fry the Dhuska:
  • Once the oil is hot, take a small portion of the fermented batter and gently spread it into a thin circle on your palm. Make a hole in the center of the circle with your thumb.

Carefully slide the shaped dhuska into the hot oil. Fry for 1-2 minutes per side, or until golden brown and crispy.

Drain and Serve:
  • Using a slotted spoon, remove the fried dhuska from the oil and drain on paper towels to absorb excess oil.
Serve hot:
  • Dhuska is best enjoyed hot with a side of aloo matar curry (potato and pea curry) or chutney of your choice.


  • For a crispier dhuska, you can add a tablespoon of semolina (sooji) to the batter before fermentation.
  • If the batter seems too thick after grinding, add a little water to thin it out.
  • Don’t overcrowd the pan while frying the dhuska. Fry them in batches to maintain the oil temperature and ensure even cooking.
  • Adjust the amount of chilies and spices according to your preference.


Variations of Dhuska Recipe

Dhuska offers delicious variations that cater to different taste buds. Here’s a breakdown of two popular variations: Sweet Dhuska and Spicy Dhuska:

Sweet Dhuska

Sweet Dhuska

A delightful twist on the traditional savory dhuska, sweet dhuska is perfect for satisfying your sweet tooth.


  • All the base ingredients for regular dhuska (rice, lentils, spices, etc.)
  • Sugar or jaggery to taste
  • Cardamom powder for a touch of floral aroma (optional)
  • Chopped nuts and raisins for added texture and sweetness (optional)
  • Follow steps 1-3 from the regular dhuska recipe to prepare the fermented batter.
  • Instead of salt, add sugar or jaggery to taste while mixing the batter in step 3. You can adjust the sweetness according to your preference.
  • If using, add a pinch of cardamom powder for a touch of floral aroma.
  • Fold in chopped nuts and raisins (optional) for added texture and sweetness.
  • Follow steps 4-8 from the regular dhuska recipe for frying and serving the sweet dhuska.

Spicy Dhuska

Spicy Dhuska

For those who love a kick, spicy dhuska takes the savory flavors of regular dhuska up a notch.


  • All the base ingredients for regular dhuska (rice, lentils, spices, etc.)
  • Additional chopped green chilies for spice
  • Red chili powder for extra heat (optional)
  • Follow steps 1-3 from the regular dhuska recipe to prepare the fermented batter.
  • While mixing the batter in step 3, add chopped green chilies according to your spice preference. You can also add a pinch of red chili powder for an extra fiery kick.
  • Follow steps 4-8 from the regular dhuska recipe for frying and serving the spicy dhuska.
  • Adjust the amount of green chilies and red chili powder based on your heat tolerance.
  • Serve spicy dhuska with cooling chutneys like mint chutney or coconut chutney to balance the heat.
  • You can also add chopped onions or grated ginger to the batter for additional flavor in your spicy dhuska.


Know More About Duska Recipe

Serving Suggestions

Serving Suggestions

Dhuska is a versatile dish that can be enjoyed for breakfast, as a snack, or even as a light meal. Here are some classic serving suggestions:

  • Aloo Matar Curry: This potato and pea curry is a match made in heaven for dhuska. The creamy and flavorful curry perfectly complements the crispy texture of the dhuska.
  • Chutneys: A variety of chutneys, such as mint chutney, coriander chutney, or tomato chutney, add a burst of flavor and moisture to the dhuska.
  • Chopped Onions and Tomatoes: For a simple yet flavorful accompaniment, serve dhuska with chopped onions and tomatoes seasoned with salt, chili powder, and lemon juice.
  • Yogurt: A dollop of plain yogurt adds a cooling and creamy touch to dhuska, especially when enjoying the spicy variations.

Health Benefits of Dhuska

Dhuska offers a number of health benefits:

  • Rich in Protein and Fiber: The combination of rice and lentils makes dhuska a good source of plant-based protein and fiber, which can help with feelings of satiety and promote digestive health.
  • Fermented Food: The fermentation process of the batter enhances the bioavailability of nutrients and may aid in gut health.
  • Can be Made Vegan: By omitting ghee or oil used for frying, dhuska can be made vegan-friendly.


Tips and Tricks for Making Perfect Dhuska

Here are some tips and tricks to help you achieve perfect dhuska every time:

  • Use the Right Rice: For best results, use a short-grain rice variety like sona masoori or basmati rice.
  • Balance the Lentils: The ratio of chana dal and urad dal is crucial for texture. A 1:1 ratio is ideal, but you can adjust slightly based on your preference. Soaked urad dal helps create a fluffier dhuska.
  • Grind the Batter Properly: The batter should be slightly coarse, similar to pancake batter consistency. If it’s too smooth, the dhuska might not puff up well.
  • Achieve the Right Fermentation: Proper fermentation is key to a light and fluffy dhuska. Let the batter ferment in a warm place for at least 6-8 hours, or until it doubles in size.
  • Maintain Oil Temperature: The oil temperature should be around 350°F (175°C) for even cooking and a crispy texture.
  • Don’t Overcrowd the Pan: Fry the dhuska in batches to avoid overcrowding the pan, which can lower the oil temperature and lead to greasy dhuska.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

Here are some common mistakes to avoid when making dhuska:

  • Under-fermenting the Batter: An under-fermented batter will result in dense and chewy dhuska. Ensure proper fermentation for a light and fluffy texture.
  • Using Cold Batter: Always use the batter at room temperature for even cooking. Cold batter can cause the dhuska to absorb more oil.
  • Overcrowding the Pan: As mentioned earlier, overcrowding the pan with dhuska can lead to uneven cooking and greasy results.
  • Frying at Incorrect Temperature: Oil that is too hot can burn the dhuska, while oil that is not hot enough will make it greasy. Aim for a medium temperature around 350°F (175°C).



Dhuska is a delicious and versatile flatbread originating from Bihar and Jharkhand in India. It’s a popular breakfast, snack, or light meal enjoyed for its crispy texture and savory flavors. Made from a fermented batter of rice and lentils, dhuska offers a good source of protein, fiber, and can be made vegan-friendly.

Whether you enjoy it with aloo matar curry, chutneys, or simply chopped vegetables, dhuska is a delightful addition to your culinary repertoire. So, why not give this dhuska recipe a try and experience the taste of dhuska for yourself?


Q. Can I use whole black gram instead of split black gram for Dhuska recipe?
A. While split black gram is traditionally used for Dhuska, you can experiment with whole black gram for a slightly different texture and flavor.

Q. Can I make Dhuska without fermenting the batter?
A. Fermentation is crucial for enhancing the taste and texture of Dhuska. However, if you’re short on time, you can skip the fermentation process, although the results may vary.

Q. What is the shelf life of Dhuska?
A. Dhuska is best enjoyed fresh and crispy. However, you can store leftover Dhuska in an airtight container for up to 1-2 days. Reheat them in an oven or air fryer for a crispy texture.

Q. Can I freeze Dhuska for later use?
A. While it’s possible to freeze Dhuska, the texture may change upon reheating. It’s best to consume them fresh for the best taste a

Q. Are there any vegan variations of Dhuska?
A. Yes, Dhuska is inherently vegan as it does not contain any animal products. You can enjoy it as a delicious vegan snack or accompaniment to your meals.

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